Painted turtles prefer living in freshwater that is quiet, shallow, and has a thick layer of mud. Painted turtles are brightly marked. They have a smooth shell about 90 to 250 mm long. Their shell acts as protection, but since the ribs are fused to the shell, the turtle cannot expand its chest to breathe but must force air in and out of the lungs by alternately contracting the flank and shoulder muscles. The painted turtle has a relatively flat upper shell with red and yellow markings on a black or greenish brown background.Painted turtles bask in large groups on logs, fallen trees, and other objects. The sunning helps rid them of parasitic leeches. In many areas turtles hibernate during the winter months by burrowing into the mud and allowing their bodies to become very cold. Because of their small body size, they can move easily. Turtles dive quickly at the first hint of danger. Painted turtles are diurnal; that means they are active during the day. At night they will rest on the bottom of a pond or on a partially submerged object, such as a rock. Painted turtles feed mainly on plants, small animals, such as fish, crustaceans, aquatic insects,fiscrustaceansaquatic insecand some carrion.
Source: Chrysemys picta Painted Turtle, Animal Diversity Web, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology